The pomegranate tree is famous for its fruit. Its English name is pomegranate. Inside the peel of the fruit are crystalline red grains. A pomegranate tree flower comes from the tree throughout the year. However, fruits are not always produce from flowers. The flowers that bloom in the spring are the fruits of the summer, although the quality of this fruit is not very good. The height of this tree is 3-5 meters, the leaves are thin, the flowers are red, and the tree is gorgeous in color.
Pomegranate fruits are green when raw and yellow, and red when ripe. Inside the fruit are seed cells, and there is a thin covering on the cells. When mature, the seeds are pink and white. It usually flowers in May and ripens in August-September. The shape and taste of pomegranate vary from country to country. The name of the best variety of pomegranates is Spanish Ruby.
The pomegranate tree is quite tolerant and grows quickly in barren soils. With regular care, pomegranate trees produce fruits throughout the year. The demand and market price of pomegranate in India is also quite good. In terms of income, pomegranate cultivation is no less than any other fruit because of the high cost of pomegranate. Therefore, pomegranate cultivation in India is quite profitable and promising.
The flowers that come at the beginning of the monsoon and the fruits that come from those flowers are suitable for collection in October and November. The quality of this fruit is quite good. Therefore, to bring flowers at the beginning of the monsoon, one has to take special care of the tree from December to April.
Pomegranate is a tropical tree.
It can be cultivate all over India. Besides, the climate of India is suitable for pomegranate cultivation throughout the year. Pomegranates are quite ideal for winter and summer pomegranate cultivation. Also, dry weather is require during fruit growth and maturation. Although pomegranate is plant in all types of well-drained soils, it is better to grow pomegranate in loamy, sandy loam soils.
Pomegranate is a fruit of warm and subtropical, and humid regions. Although it is grow commercially in many countries of the world, it is not widely grow in India. However, in many houses, this tree is plant for fruit and decoration. Although pomegranate is native fruit of Iran, it is grown in many countries in South Asia. Pomegranate flower is distribute in two part. One type of tree has only male flowers, and the other has male and female flowers.flower is distribute in two part
At this time, the irrigation of the tree has to be stop so that the growth of the tree is stop. In January, the tree has to be rinsed, and the soil at the base of the tree has to be loosened by chopping it with a spade. The tree leaves fall in January, and the tree remains dormant till the month of may-June. Therefore, it is better to rinse a couple of times before the onset of the monsoon. With the start of the monsoon, the tree begins to grow and bear fruit and is suitable for collection in the month of October-November.
Propagation seeds and grafting
Pomegranate is propagated with the help of seeds, branch cuttings, and roots. It can quickly produce pomegranate seedlings from sources. However, the maternal quality and fruit quality are not maintained in the tree grown from the seeds. The simplest and most common method of producing pomegranate seedlings is the branch grafting method. We should stiff one-year-old stalks 25-30 cm in length.
Cultivation method, seedling preparation, and planting: Pomegranate is cultivated in all types of well-drained soils, but it is better to grow pomegranate in loamy, sandy loam soils. It can be cultivated up to 1600 m above sea level. Warm and dry weather is suitable for the cultivation of this crop, but the taste of the fruit decreases when the humidity is high. Therefore, seedlings are usually made from seeds.
Place the seedling in the middle of the hole and tie it with a stick to keep it straight. Then should press the soil at the beginning—Stern with the help of a hand. After planting, regular watering done at the base of the seedlings. Fences should be provided around the garden so that cows or goats do not damage the trees.
Fertilizer application to the tree: In addition to applying fertilizer in the hole before planting the seedlings, should make regular fertilizer application on the tree every year. 8-10 days after filling the hole, fill the hole by mixing the soil with the following fertilizer rate. Should plant seedling 20/25 days after filling the hole.
Weed control: Pomegranate cultivation needs to be clean and tidy. Should take care to ensure that there are no weeds at the base of the pomegranate tree.
Planting method and planting time
We can plant Pomegranate trees in a square or hexagonal pattern. June-July is the best time to plant seedlings. Planting distance to cultivate pomegranate in a garden should plant a tree at a distance of 5 x 5 m. After drying the hole in the sun for 15 days after making the hole, 15-20 kg of rotten dung or waste manure should be mixed with the soil per hole to fill the hole. Trees should be planted at least 15 days after filling the hole.
Water Irrigation and Drainage: Regular light irrigation should be given to the fruit trees. The soil at the base of the tree should never be too dry or soggy. If there is not enough sap in the ground after small application and fertilizer application, irrigation must be given.
The pomegranate tree Pruning branch cutting
The pomegranate tree is a very bushy tree with dense branches, so it is essential to prune it regularly. One stem of a pomegranate tree and 4-6 primary branches with it is enough to form a well-formed structure of the tree. For this, the tree’s head has to be cut one meter above the ground in minor condition. 4-6 primary branches one and a half feet above the environment should be allowed to grow in line with the main stem.
After six months, the main branches have to be pruned to one and a half feet. It will take 3-4 years for the tree to take shape if it can grow in a controlled manner. Pomegranate stems and main branches need to be pruned regularly. Since flowers grow on the heads of small units from the old branches of the pomegranate tree, the fruit tree has to be pruned from time to time to get new branches.
The tree bears flowers and fruits throughout the year. However, more flowers come in spring, and monsoon Fruits are obtained from spring flowers in summer, and their quality is deficient. Still, the fruits obtained from monsoon flowers are collected in October-November, and the quality is excellent. Therefore, to force the tree to blossom in the rainy season, the roots are dug 15 cm deep in March-April, and the roots are left open for 15 days, and then the soil should be covered with organic manure and irrigated.
Plant pomegranate in-home tub
Plant a pomegranate tree in a small tub on the roof of the house. Pomegranate is a trendy fruit. Also good to eat, it is quite beneficial for the body. If you have a hobby of roof gardening, then cultivate pomegranate in a tub on the roof.
You can choose a 12-inch tub or a plastic drum to plant pomegranate trees. But, first, you have to prepare the soil. For this, you need to prepare the ground by mixing the white sand soil of the river, sand, cocoa peat, and dung manure, mustard shell rotted fertilizer materials well.
Buy a good variety of seedlings from the nursery and replace the tree in the tub. If the tree is small, keep it in a bit of shade. Then, after a while, keep the tree in full sun. This tree likes the sun.
Watering is essential in this case. Always make sure that the soil is wet. Give plenty of water in the morning before sunrise and in the evening after sunset.
After ten days, should use bone power, mustard shell, and liquid fertilizer around the plant’s roots. Make sure that the soil is well moist the day before you apply the fertilizer. Should use bone power, mustard shell, and liquid fertilizer.
Insects attack these trees. Weeds should be kept clean. Should take care to ensure that ants do not attack the roots of the tree in any way. In this way, if pomegranate can be cultivated following the step-by-step rules, then pomegranate will quickly grow in the tub in your roof garden.
Pomegranate disease is its remedy.
The deadly enemy of pomegranate fruit is the pomegranate butterfly or fruit borer. The larvae of this species damage the fruit. The female butterfly lays her eggs on the flower buds and small fruits.
The larvae emerge from the eggs, penetrate the growing fruit, and eat the seeds and other parts of the fruit. Later, before turning into a moth, a round hole is made in the fruit’s skin, and it comes out of the fruit. Infection with these insects can lead to secondary infections such as fungal and bacterial infections.
We should picked infected fruits from the trees, or the fruits lying on the ground should be picked up and destroyed. If the fruit starts to grow after fruiting, bagging the growing fruit with cloth or polythene or butter paper can protect it from the attack of this insect.
Remedy: Apply Malathion or Carbaryl, or Phosphamidon group pesticides at the rate of one ml per liter of water and spray at intervals of 15 days to the tree. Insect pests, the affected part cut and burnt in the first stage of the attack.
Fruit spot disease: It is a fungal disease. Small and irregular spots appear on the affected fruit. First, there are greenish-yellow spots around the spots. Later the spots turn into long spots, and the seeds under the peel of the fruit turn brown. As a result, the quality of the affected fruit is lost, and the market value of the fruit is reduced.
Remedy: The diseased part should be cut and burnt. Mancozeb at the rate of 2.5 gm per liter of water or Carbandism fungicide at the rate of 1 gm should be sprayed 3-4 times at intervals of 10 days.
The pen tree starts yielding from 3-4 years. It takes 6 months from flowering to the ripening of fruits. When the skin of the ripe fruit turns yellow-brown, it is suitable for fruiting. If the fruit is left on the tree for a long time, there is a possibility that the fruit will burst. The fruit is dependent on the burst variety. Fruits of trees that are prone to bursting get pick shortly before they are ripe. However, the taste and quality of unripe fruit are not very good. Pomegranate peel is tough, so ripe fruit get store for many days and is not spoil in transport.
The pomegranate tree starts bearing fruits from the age of four-five years. However, the yield at the beginning is not as expected. Pomegranate trees usually give good results from the age of 8-10 years. At the time of first fruiting, no more than 20-25 fruits per plant. Yield increases with age. Ten-year-old trees bear an average of 100-150 fruits. However, with reasonable care, can obtain 200-250 fruits per plant. Thus, a pomegranate tree has a profitable yield of up to thirty years.
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