October 27, 2021

The National Tree of India Banyan Tree

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The National tree of India name Banyan tree,evergreen Ficus Benghalens is growing over a large area. Its roots give rise to more trunks and branches. Even today, the banyan tree is the focal point of village life, and village council meetings are held under this tree’s colossal shade. The country’s unity is symbolize by the vast structure of trees and their deep roots.

The Banyan tree also provides shelter for many types of animals and birds. But it serves as a shelter for man, for example, during rains or intense heat. The tree is planted near temples, villages, and roads. The tree is also regarded as sacred by Hindus in India. With great medicinal value, banyan is often using to treat and cure many diseases. It is associate with longevity.

What is the traditional national tree of India?

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Lord Krishna compares the earth to a banyan tree in the Bhagavad Gita, which has many branches. Similar references are found in the epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata. According to the scriptures mentioned in our ancient traditional religion, tree worship is an ancient Indian practice. However, plant and tree worship still exists in modern Indian tradition because it symbolizes the life, fertility, growth, prosperity, holiness, and divinity of plants.

The tradition of worshiping “sacred” trees has been widespread among people who follow Hinduism since ancient times. In the Vedas, trees are to be worship for their essential and almost vital role in human life. 

The banyan is consider one of the most sacred trees. With its seemingly endless expansion, the banyan tree symbolizes eternal life. In Hindu culture, the tree is also known as Kalpav riksha, which means “grant wishes.” Married Hindu women constantly gives thanks and praise to God to have a long and happy married life.

The Largest Banyan Tree in the World

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The largest banyan tree resides in the Calcutta Botanical Garden. It is over 230 years old and occupies ​​about 12,000 square meters. Better known as the Great Banyan, this tree also has 3,000 aerial roots, whose circumference reaches half a kilometer in diameter? However, this specimen does not hold the Guinness Record in terms of size despite its fame. The title falls on the so-called Thimmamma Marrimanu, who lives in Kadiri, India. 

Thimmamma Marrimanu is the name of a Banyan tree in Anantapur district, about 35 km from Kadiri city in Andhra Pradesh, India. It is present in the Botanical Garden and is about 200 years old. It is on the list of the largest trees globally and has a canopy of 19,107 square meters. Its branches span more than 8 acres, and it was record as the largest tree in the Guinness Book of Records in 1989.

The national tree of  India scientific name

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The banyan tree’s scientific name is Ficus Benghalensis in the angiosperms sphere. It is a type of magnolia, Magnoliopsida of the family and order of the rose bushes, Moraceae, genus ficus, subgenus urostigma, and multiple species. This plant is originally from India and Pakistan. However, there are also some good specimens in Australia or Spain, specifically on Tenerife’s island. Its pseudonym comes from the markets that the merchants built under its branches to protect themselves from the Sun. Its lush roots also covered other constructions such as temples, promenades, or houses.

When its seeds gracefully germinate in the cracks crevices in a host tree or buildings and bridges. The “Banyan” as such is often referred to as the Indian fig treethe Ficus benghalensis. The Republic of India’s national tree, as the cedar is from Lebanon. The life cycle finally and systematically refer to the subgenus Urostigma.

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