The lemon tree is a fruit plant that produces lemons; the scientific name of the lemon tree is Citrus limon. They are oval, pointed, with rough skin and a variable colour ranging from yellowish-green to light yellow skin at maturity and pulp with an acid flavour, which belongs to the Rutaceae family and the citrus genus. Which is an acidic fruit that is highly recognized for all the nutrients and vitamins c that it provides in the human body?
The lemon tree is considered the minor resistant tree of all citrus. It has medium-sized leaves, and they are separated. The lemon tree Flower is called orange blossom flowers and have a slight reddish—the outside and white on the inside. I must say that they are very aromatic. Its root is quite vertical, it sinks a lot into the ground, and it has several secondary roots that are born and grow without a defined pattern. The trunk of the tree is thick and has rough and smooth grey bark.
To know what the lemon tree is like, you should know that it has an exciting characteristic: it constantly blooms, which is why it bears fruit in all seasons. However, the essential blooms are the spring, which produces the fruit in the following winter. The one in September, from which the juicy lemons originate, will be harvest during the hottest months of the summer.
How to grow the Lemon tree and it’s productive?
It grows very well in full sun, although it also adapts to semi-shade. The lemon tree can be grown in humid and dry areas, on sandy-loamy, clayey, fertile, deep and well-drained soils. The lemon tree is a very productive plant. It begins to bear fruit between three and five and continues for another 50 to 60 years. Thus, the lifespan expectancy of a lemon tree is 70 years.
If you wonder how many lemons does a tree give? You should know that each tree produces an average of 600 to 700 fruits per harvest, but the record number of 3,000 lemons. So, naturally, it requires caring for and fertilizing the lemon tree.
This fruit, like the orange, is extremely rich in vitamins, such as vitamin C and other beneficial substances, so its consumption is very convenient for our body. That is why it is mix in most healthy and balanced diets.
Do pests and diseases attack the lemon plants?
The lemon tree is a tree that various pests and diseases attack. For pests and diseases attack this section, we will show you the most common diseases in the lemon tree, which are:
1. Alternaria Diseases:
Alternaria is a disease that is created by the incidence of a fungus called Alternaria, this type of fungus begins to grow in the lemon tree when it has excess humidity from irrigation or rain since the tree accumulates a lot of moisture on the outside of its bark and becomes prone to this fungus.
This disease of the lemon tree causes the leaves to wrinkle and turn yellowish. As the fungus takes over the tree, the leaves tend to turn brown and fall, at which point the disease is irreversible.
2. Sadness virus
The sadness virus is one of the most severe lemon tree diseases because it spreads through insects called aphids, causing a large amount of damage to the tree and even killing it in less than a week.
This disease causes the tree to stop growing, weakening the trunk and the leaves in it, also causing the little flowering it has to wither or begin to bloom when it should not succeed. Unfortunately, there is no possible recovery at this point, so it is recommended to eradicate the infected tree to prevent it from spreading to other plants.
3. Lemon miner
The Lemon Tree Miner is a small insect that, like beetles and scabs but instead of dirt, bites and destroys. Can recognize the leaves of the lemon tree from the outside to the inside and because the attacked leaves begin to show yellowish or brown spots, and also they roll up and fold in on themselves until they finally fall.
Lemon tree pruning and how to take care of the lemon tree?
The lemon tree does not need much pruning. However, did it annually eliminate dead, diseased and weak branches, specifically to give the tree more strength? Since most of the nutrients necessary for flowering and fruiting are found in the leaves, excessive pruning reduces the formation of flowers and, therefore, the production of lemons.
The lemon plant has become quite common in many gardens, but the truth is that we must be careful since if the pruning is not done correctly, we run the risk of cutting the branches used for the production of lemons. In addition, the lemon plant tends to develop a thick, dense and branched crown, which is detrimental to fruit production. Therefore, every year, to obtain a good harvest of lemons, it is necessary to intervene with light or radical pruning.
Take care of a lemon tree
The first thing you should do to know how to take care of a lemon tree. The tree cannot be cut at any time of the year. We will have to wait for the right time for pruning, which will be between February and March. Pruning must respect the climate trend: we must prune citrus fruits when the risk of frost has passed so that sometimes it can even be delayed until April or May.
In addition, another pruning can be carried out at the end of June and in mid-September with the so-called summer pruning. Now we go to the pruning directly to know what to cut. You have to make cuts in the main branches removing a few centimeters. This precaution also applies to garden-grown lemons that need to maintain a contained appearance. In the pruning of the lemon tree, you must also cut old and woody branches that must prune to flavor the emission of young shoots ready to produce new fruits.
How to plant a lemon tree in pots?
Do you want to plant a lemon tree from the seeds? It’s simple, and hardly any materials are needed. Discover all the keys to planting a lemon tree here.
Lemon tree plantation can be a rewarding experience. It is a very demanding fruit in this summer time. Germinating the lemon tree from a seed is easy to cut the lemon, take out the seeds, keep it dry for one day and put it into the pot. Lemon seed in pots need high humidity and plenty of sunlight, so keep your lemon tree in a place where there is regular fog and where the sun shines.
It would help if you kept in mind a few things when you plant a lemon tree in a pot:
1.The lemon tree in the pots will not be as big as the lemon tree planted in the ground, so we should cultivate the pen tree.
2.Lemon trees will need good drainage when planting citrus trees in pots, making sure the pots have drainage holes.
3.The lemon tree will need regular watering.
When the soil in the pot dries out, the leaves of the lemon tree will fall off. However, it does not require complicated materials. You have everything at home! With a bit of patience, you can have your lemon tree at home.
Bonsai lemon tree.
Planting trees in small pots in a unique way and keeping them small is called bonsai. Commercial bonsai cultivation in India can be financially profitable also; if you put it in the corner of the house or on the roof, the beauty increases. Bonsai cultivation should be done in a place where there is no sun but light and air.
Instrument need for bonsai lemon tree Pots, half drums, cement or earthen tubs, steel or plastic trays, scissors, spades, scissors, showers, buckets, saws, spades, spray machines, loamy soil, dry dung and compost, sand, brick cobbles, etc.
Should prepare the soil by mixing organic manure with two-fiber soil in the tub. To drain the water from the tub, make a small hole in the pots.
First of all, you have to choose the Lemon tree correctly.
Stem, root, branch and leaf growth should be controlled. Try to bring the posture of the aged tree to the small tree in the tub. Branches have to be selected by deciding the model that will be given to the bonsai. The selected thick branch should be pruned with a sharp weapon. Tied her up it must be tied to bring the branch in a beautiful position. So it has to be wrapped in a simple branch and given a crooked shape.
1. Should feed the plant regularly with black soil, sand or brick powder, mustard or indigo bark etc.
2. Keep away from excess water logging and sun.
3. Should wipe Leaves and stalks with water to keep dust and dirt free.
4. If there are insects or fungi in the soil of the tub, the put right amount of pesticide.
5. We should keep it in a place where light and air circulate, but people come and go less.
6. Pruning done except for the prescribed stalks to keep the defined shape.
7. Should change the soil in the tub every one year.
For those of you who have a potted lemon tree, you can prune it at the end of spring, and it is also possible to continue in May and June with the summer pruning. The suckers must also be cut (vertical branches). In this way, you will stimulate the development of twigs with horizontal growth, a good product for fruit production and light filtering.
Lemon Juice is a very favourite fruit juice.
The lemon tree is a very favourite fruit tree. It bears fruits that cannot eat directly, but there is a lot of use of this juice in the kitchen. For example, it allows you to make drinks, ice cream lollipops, and sweet foods. In addition, it provides perfect shade, which is always very attractive, especially if you live in an area where the temperature is above 30 degrees Celsius during the summer.
Some people eat a lemon-like any other fruit despite its acidic or sour taste. But the most common thing is to squeeze it, and to the juice or lemon juice obtained, water or sugar is added, according to whoever takes it.
The drink that you get from squeezing lemons, lemonade, is genuinely one of the best and healthiest. Lemon juice or juice is also mix to flavour many foods. The very aromatic rind has many applications in confectionery and pastry, especially in the seasoning of creams and fruits.
Medicinal Properties of lemon
It also has many medical properties as natural remedies in many health conditions, such as sore throat, cough, dandruff and teeth whitening.
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