Jackfruit tree is a seasonal fruit. The scientific name of Jackfruit is Artocarpus heterophyllus. Different varieties of Jackfruit are get in different countries of the world. However, jackfruit production is low in the low-lying areas of our country. This is because if water accumulates at the base of the tree, the tree dies. So Jackfruit is in low-lying areas. Therefore, the seedlings of jackfruit trees should be planted in high places not to rise, and water does not accumulate.
The weight of Jackfruit is 1-6 kg. However, the number of jackfruit trees in the yard is not as noticeable as before. The number seems to be declining. However, when planting new houses, some people plant jackfruit seeds. Domestic varieties of Jackfruit are more expensive than foreign varieties. As it is incomparable in taste and smell, its demand is apparent.
Those home-grown jackfruits are very tasty in the southern coastal areas of the country. As a result, this soil is quite suitable for jackfruit production. Therefore, the yield of Jackfruit in this region is excellent. Each tree bears more than 8-30 jackfruits. To holds the Jackfruit from the base to the top of the tree.
However, there is not much development in all parts of the country due to the non-commercial production of Jackfruit. Farmers also do not get the necessary advice. They have been producing through their efforts. What kind of medicine should we apply to kill insects? The advice does not match. Therefore, to increase jackfruit production, it is necessary to take the initiative to spread necessary advice among the farmers.
How to grow a jackfruit tree?
Seedlings of jackfruit seeds. Seedlings will germinate in 20-25 days if large seeds nourished from well ripe Jackfruit are taken out, dried in the shade for 2/3 days, and sown in the seedbed. The seedlings of planting Jackfruit have to be carefully pick and planted on the mainland. Seedlings can also be prepare through cocoon pens, pulse pens, eye pens, and seedling pens.
Planting of seedlings:
In the hexagonal method, healthy, vigorous, and disease-free seedlings or cuttings the plant from mid-senior to mid-July to August. The distance between the tree and the line should be 12 meters.
Suitable land and soil:
High and medium well-drained fertile land which does not stand water is suitable for Jackfruit.
At the time of planting, 35 kg of dung, 210 g of TSP fertilizer, and 210 g of MOP fertilizer applied to each hole. However, with increasing age, the amount of fertilizer per plant to be increase.
Take fundamental care of Jackfruit roots disease from Insect spiders.
This disease is start by the attack of type of fungus. The attack of this disease causes brown spots on the fruit, and eventually, the affected fruit falls off the tree. Due to the attack of the fungus, it turns black at an early age. Therefore, moderate and timely irrigation is require for the rapid growth of seedlings/cuttings.
The jackfruit leaves under the tree should be burnt. Follicular fungicide should be mixed with water at the rate of 0.05% and sprayed three times in 15 days after flowering.
Do you know Jackfruit is the national fruit?
Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Germplasm varies in the number, shape, and yield of Jackfruit. Again, there are differences in yield due to weather, environment, and care. Proper care is critical to increasing the yield of Jackfruit. With some regular care, its number get increase, and its shape get improve. It takes 120-150 days for the fruits to ripen. Jackfruit is usually grow in December. Care of post-harvest jackfruit trees.
Pruning of jackfruit tree after season
The fruit of the jackfruit tree usually catches the footsteps from its stems and branches. Root stock comes out of high places like cut stems or knot twigs. The remnants of the stem of the Jackfruit hanging on the stem and small twigs should cut off in September-October.
Fertilizer can be apply twice a year. Based on the quality of the soil. The first installment can applied in May and the second installment in October. Fertilizer can be apply to the jackfruit tree in a ring method at least three feet away from the base of the old tree.
After one to three years after planting, dung 30 kg, 400 g urea, 400 g TSP, 350 g MP, and 60 g gypsum; 40 kg dung for four to six years, 60 kg dung for 15 years and above, 1200 g urea, 1600 g TSP, 1250 g MP and 300 g gypsum should be apply. The total area and potash fertilizers are divide into six parts for three years after planting, and if apply every two months, the plant overgrows.
Irrigation and drainage:
Irrigation is crucial for jackfruit trees. Therefore, from November to April, irrigation should be arranged every 15 days. Excluding three / four feet from the base of the tree, rinse in the shape of a plate around it. Jackfruit trees cannot tolerate water logging. So you have to take care that the water does not stand at the base of the tree.
Pests attack the jackfruit tree and Pests Management.
For disease-pest Management, extra stalks give proper shape to the jackfruit tree. Therefore, timely pruning and training should be done—sharpening equipment in pruning and training. Broken stalks should be cut nicely with a saw, and pruning paste should be applied.
A significant disease of the Jackfruit tree is fruit disease. Because the fruit to rot like brown spots on the skin and fall off, the disease can control by males, and females should be treated with Macuprax or Kupravit or Homogeneous fungicide at 2 gm per liter of water or Endophyl M-45 / Dithene M45 or Homogeneous fungicide at the rate of 25 gm per liter of water. Mix at the rate of gram and spray.
Jackfruit stem borers make holes in tree trunks. Take a sharp iron inserted into the hole to kill the insects. The mouth cleaned put kerosene or petrol in it, and the hole’s mouth should be closed with mud. At the time of flowering, Sumithion or Diazinon 60 EC or similar pesticides should be mixed in 2 ml per liter of water and sprayed two / three times in 10 days.
It is infested by bugs, beetles, stems, roots above the soil, etc. Insects enter into these and eat the Jackfruit and destroy them. As a result of the attack of this insect, holes, insect feces, and black spots can be seen in the holes. This insect enters the fruit by piercing the fruit and destroys it. Water-soaked spots appear on the affected area, and decomposition begins. Infected fruits turn black, wrinkle, and fall off.
Collect the affected grants and fruits and burn them. If the fruit is denser, it should be thinned. Insects should be killed by inserting a large needle or iron rod through the hole and closing the mouth with mud or wax. The young fruits should be covered with perforated poly bags. Put Cypermethrin group pesticide 2 ml / l. It is controlled by spraying with water or Diazinon 50 EC or Malathion-58 EC mixed with water at the rate of 0.2%.
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