September 19, 2021

Guava | Description, Plantation & care taking

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Guava is a popular fruit in our country. It is a vitamin-C and moisturizing fruit. Guava scientific name Psidium guajava. Guava family name is Myrtle family. Almost all types of energy are present in Guava. It is a very common and readily available fruit. It has 4 times more vitamin C than an orange of the same size and 10 times more vitamin C than a lemon.

The size of this Guava is round, yellowish-green in color; the average weight of each fruit is 400 to 800 grams. The height of the tree is 2.5 to 10 meters. It takes 90 days from flowering to harvesting. The outstanding feature of this variety is that it is available in twelve months. The seeds are low and soft. It can be grown commercially in the backyard, on the roof, or in the field.

Psidium guajava is one of the most popular fruits. This fruit grows all over the country.

Image source-Google| Image BY- Imagen de jitendra1 en Pixabay

Guava is better known among the innumerable fruits of West Bengal. This fruit is visible for most of the year. Outside the state, in India, especially in Allahabad, Guava is also quite large. It is also delicious.

Nutrition: Many people call guava ‘poor man’s apple.’ The quality of Guava is no less than that of apple. This fruit contains a lot of vitamin C. We can eat Guava, both raw and ripe. Salads, puddings, etc., can be made from ripe in new condition. Guava is better than apples and oranges in terms of vitamin C and other nutrients. 

Description of the disease that attacks guava fruits

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Guava Diseases: The main obstacle to fruit production is insect infestation which affects the production. So to get 100% yield from the tree, it is necessary to know how to avoid the harmful insects of the tree. Below are some diseases of a guava tree, poisonous insects, and ways to get rid of them-

  1. Whiteflies – Whiteflies attack the underside of leaves and suck the sap. This causes the Sutimold fungus to grow on the plates, and the leaves fall off.

2.Fruit piercing insects- When fruit piercing insects attack, there is a hole somewhere on the fruit, the fruit becomes deformed, insect feces starts falling through the mouth of the hole. 

3.Blisters are the first signs of a disease in a tree. Branches, beetles, leaves, and fruits are affect by this disease. Except for the fruit, other parts quickly dry out from the dagger side and turn dark brown. Its appear to be bad situation during cold and hot weather. When the fruit is infect, it gets blister-type black spots.

4.Wilt (Netano) – This disease is severe in guava trees grown in acidic soils. In the outbreak of this disease, first, the leaves turn yellow and then dry out. In this way, after the leaves, the branches, and gradually the whole tree falls in 10-15 days.

5.fruit Falling – Towards the end of the monsoon, the leaves turn yellow from the apex of the tree branches. The tree with the stalks slowly dries up. Older trees are more prone to this fungal disease. 

6.High spots on the fruit: The fungus has tall brown or rusty areas.

Effects and symptoms of guava tree

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Guava trees are also affected by various diseases. Leaves, stems, branches, and fruits are affected by anthracnose. At first small brown spots are seen on the guava tree. The areas gradually grow and cause sores on the guava tree.

Infected fruits often burst when ripe. Moreover, the flesh of the affected fruit becomes hard. The disease survives in the abandoned branches, fruits, and leaves of the tree. Guava anthracnose spreads through wind and rain.

Remedy of the disease

1.Whiteflies – To control whiteflies, mix five grams of detergent powder in every liter of water and spray it on the plants.

2.In the case of fruit borer, Malathion 57-EC or Phenitrothion should be sprayed in 10 ml per 10 liters of water. Should keep no fruit falling under the tree Or fungicides like Carbsulfan 25% EC (2 ml per liter of water) or Triazophos 40% EC (1 ml per liter of water). 

3.Regularly keep the garden clean and free from weeds. Giving summer cultivation destroys the eggs in the soil in the heat of the sun. 

4.Guava fruit fall- The exact remedy is unknown. The incidence of this disease is reduced by applying organic manure, using balanced fertilizers, and preventing water from accumulating in the soil. If the acidity or alkalinity of the soil is too high, it needs to be mitigated. In addition, before the monsoon, organic fungicides mixed with organic manure at the base of each plant are beneficial.

5.Suppression methods / pesticides :The common diseases that affect guava trees need to be diagnosed, and suitable pesticides applied. We should visit Guava orchards regularly. Especially when the guava data starts to grow, you have to go once a day and look under the tree.

Guava planting method in tub
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Collect a pen seedling and at least a 12-inch tub from the nursery. Take a tube larger than 12 inches, not smaller. And of course, there must be pen seedlings because seed seedlings take 2-3 years to bear fruit, and when the seedlings grow, it is not possible to keep them in tubs.

Guava trees must always be kept in a sunny place. Do not try to plant guava trees in the house where the sunlight is low. Plant should be watered daily so that the soil in the tub does not dry out. If needed, give water twice a day.

Guava contains the most vitamin C after Alma or Indian gooseberry among our local fruits. It is as delicious and beautiful to eat. Guava is a very well-known fruit in India.

Soil preparation grains
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To plant Guava in the tub:

  1. Mix half soil, half organic manure, two handfuls of mustard oil, two teaspoons of bone powder, and one teaspoon of potash fertilizer well (for 12 ” tubs).
  2. Leave it for 15-20 days, in which the soils are turn upside down every few days.
  3. After 15-20 days, the guava tree of your choice in the tub and plenty of water to the tub.

Apply 2 handfuls of mustard oil, 1 teaspoon of urea, 2 teaspoons of bone powder, and 1 teaspoon of potash in the tub every month. This will make your fruit grow beautifully.

Zinc and boron should be sprayed on the tree in March, June, September, and December if you want to bring a lot of fruit to the tree. Zinc and boron are available in the market under the name of micronutrients. Spray in 6 months with 30 drops in 1 liter of water.

Pruning of Guava plant in tubs.

The tree branches are pruned for two primary purposes. Firstly, the transformation of fruitless or low-yielding trees into high-yielding trees, Secondly, pruning of unnecessarily weak, thin, soft, broken, and dead twigs of fruitless and fruit-bearing trees and pruning of diseased and insect-infested stalks. Keep, As a result, the shape of the tree remains the same. However, it is not advisable to prune the tree before flowering or during fruiting.

Guava stalks pruning rules: 

Guava trees are naturally shrubby. For this, the branch coming out from the tree’s base without the main stem has to cut. Old guavas do not usually bear fruit. Therefore, after collecting the fruit, the apex of the branches means that the branch grows fruit has to cut after leaving a git to hold the fruit of that branch.

Guava Root Pruning Rules: 

Tree can be harvested after 3/4 years to 6/7 years with de potting. Take Care while cutting the roots so that no damage to the main roots. Remove some soil, including roots, and fill the tub with fine fertilizer.

It is possible to get a high yield by keeping the fruit tree healthy and robust by pruning the branches and roots of the tree. Thus, it is possible to increase the tree’s fruit growth and fruit-bearing capacity by pruning according to the variety, age, and size of different fruits.

If the information given about the guava is of any use to you, then this blog will be full of success. This website’s primary goal is to increase your knowledge about plants and Nature. Please leave your opinion in the comments. One of your suggestions will help us move this blog forward. Thank You.

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