October 27, 2021
Sal tree

Everything about the Sal tree

The Sal tree is found in the southern Himalayas, Burma, India, Bangladesh, and Nepal. Sal tree is also known as Sakhua northern India, including Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Orissa.  It is seen in the Eastern Ghats. In these regions, it forms the most common tree in forests. The tree has an average of slowing growth and can reach a height of 30-35 m and trunk diameter up to 2-2.5 m. The leaves are long 10-25 cm and 5-15 cm, and the Sal keeps its leaves throughout the year; in rather dry areas, it loses most of it between February and April, to form new foliage in April – May.

sal tree
Image source-Google| Image BY- Shorea_robusta_in_Chhattisgarh.jpg Pankaj Oudhia– Own work



What is the use of the Sal tree?

Sal is a tree native to India used in construction. Sal grows remarkably quickly, reaching very large dimensions when it has the space to develop. Even more tenacious than teak, Sal wood is use in construction and cart work. They were also made into telegraph poles and railway ties. The wood is resinous and durable, and is not particularly suitable for polishing and fine carpentry. Its wood is use as fodder and is use to litter the stables or stables floor.

Is Sal wood durable?

Sal tree is very important wood sources in India, with a coarse-grained wood that is just in color to cut. But turns dark brown when exposed to air. The wood is resinous and durable and is sought after as a building material.But not suitable for planning and polishing. Instead, it is particularly suitable for constructing window and door frames.

What are the uses of sal tree leaves?

The dried leaves of Sal trees an essential raw material for producing dishes (called Patravali), and India’s plates bowl north and east. The leaves are also use to serve fresh Paan (Betel nut preparations) and small snacks like freshly prepared black beans, boiled, golgappa, etc. The leaves/dishes are easily eat by goats and cattle roaming the streets freely. Therefore, the tree has significantly reduced in northern India the consumption of Styrofoam and plastic dishes, which would have caused a heavy impact on the environment in a country that in many regions still has poor living conditions. Hygiene. Well ‘South India, they use plante and banana leaves instead. In Nepal, the sal leaves are use to make local dishes and vessels called “patri”, “doona” and “bogata” in which he uses curried rice. However, the use of such a “natural” tool has declined sharply over the past decade.

Tradition and festival the Sal tree in Indian

Sal tree is glorified among the Hindus and Buddhists in India. It has been specified in many scriptures (holy books) that Gautam Buddha was born and died under the Sal tree. The myth goes, a branch of a Sal tree( under which Buddha was born ) bent down to support Buddha’s mother, Maya, and as soon as she held the extension of the tree, the baby ( Buddha) appeared. Sal tree plays an essential role in occasions such as festivals and marriage of Adivasis. A Sal tree pole is said to be very important, and until the bridegroom takes a seat on the altar made from Sal Tree’s wood, the marriage is said to be incomplete and makes no sense. It is also of great value in the lives of the natives of the Chotanagar Plateau.

Tribal Festival Sarhul

In the festival named Sarhul, it is the main attraction of the people celebrating it (Sarhul) as Sarhul itself means ‘Sal Blossoms Festival’. A tribe called Oraon worships nature, and during Sarhul. There’s a reason for the Oraons to honour Sal, as the tree shelters them, it protects the tribe from various weather conditions and provides firewood. The festival Sarhul is a kind of a Spring Festival as it is celebrate during the Spring Season when it’s the time for Sal Trees to get new flowers on their branches. It is the worship of the village Supreme Being who is consider as the protector of The Tribes. People celebrate by singing and dancing when the new flowers appear in the branches of the Sal tree.

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